Wednesday, February 10, 2016

LInks to Time Warp Block Patterns and Posts

Jan is using Pinterest in a way I hadn't thought of.
She's posted a picture for each of my Stars in a Time Warp series.

Four of Sylvia's set with am authentic-looking foulard

When you click on the picture it will send you to the actual post. That way you can look at the whole thing and see if you are missing anything.

Shawn's top

It's storing stuff on the Pinterest cloud instead of your computer (or mine.)

Look for Jan Davis's "Barbara Brackman's Star Quilt Along"

Here's the link:

Evelyne's cracked ice.

Heritage Stars, Sharon V.'s from a design by Sherri Bain Driver for
McCall's Quilting

Saturday, February 6, 2016

Persis Bradbury Corrected

Last week I did a post on a wool applique piece dated 1865.

Well, I tried to do a rush job before I left town for Southern California where I was trapped by winter storm Kayla (it was heck, pure heck---there were flowers everywhere and smiling people wearing raincoats). I had to stay an extra day. But now I am back at my computer.

I made many errors in the rush post, the most egregious of which may be the mis-bordering of Maine.
That is New Hampshire next to Oxford County, Maine---not Vermont.

So I thought I'd do another post pointing out errors and comments....

First the comments:

Quilt attributed to Emily Wiley Munroe of Lynnfield, Massachusetts, 1865.
Collection of the New England Quilt Museum.

Laura noticed the similarity between the wool Bradbury piece and the Emily Munroe quilt.
The comparisons go beyond the date (1865) the fabrics (wool and cotton) and the style (pictorial applique with embroidery.)

Quiltmakers seem to be using the same patterns.

See another comparison at the top of the page here.

Read an interview with quilt historian Lynne Bassett about the Munroe quilt here:

I mispelt her name as Persis Woodbury rather than Bradbury in the post headline so it is forever wrong in the ether.

And I had the wrong Henry Bradbury and thus the wrong wife. Suzanne emails me:
"Henry A M Bradbury (a carpenter a/k/a joiner) did not serve in the 23rd ME Inf. That was Henry N Bradbury married to Elizabeth. Persis' husband enlisted in the 32nd ME Inf in 1864 and was transferred to the 31st ME Inf in 1864 and discharged for disability in 1865. The nature of Henry's disability can be found in his pension file, he qualified for the pension in 1865, unusually early, and died in 1903.
In the 1900 and 1910 censuses, there is a column asking the wife to state how many children she bore and how many were alive on the census date. Persis reports having 9 children with 4 alive on the census date. In 1910 she is living with daughter Nina and her family, husband Henry is dead, and she consistently reports having 9 children with 4 alive on the census date.
According to pension index cards, Persis out lived him as she had a successful claim as his widow. However, mysteriously, she is not living with him in the 1900 census. Henry is living with his brother in law and is reported as still married 45 years. Persis is living with her widowed "son", a 35 year old supposedly named Henry B Esmond. Either his name was Henry Esmond Bailey or he was a grandson or son in law, not a son.
According to VA pension payment records, Persis died October 13, 1915, 12 years after Henry."

Aside from the factual confusions over the makers and their geography---I'm always fascinated to see similar quilts. Still have no answers to why the patterns are so close.

Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Stars in a Time Warp: Different Sets Different Times

Edith's by way of Barbara B.

Above: a Time Warp top you haven't see before.
 The set alternates a variety of period prints large and small.
Perfect period look for 19th century.

Lori at Humble Quilts has her border on:
Similar set but Lori's use of solids and a lot of cheddar
plus the double strip border makes hers look very 1880-1910.

Barbara B's finished her Hewson medallion.
V-e-r-r-r-y early 19th century.

And Victoria has long-arm quilted her star in a square
or is it a star alternating with an x block?
A mid-19th-century look, don't you think?

Saturday, January 30, 2016

Persis Bradbury's Applique Table Cover

Detail of an appliqued table cover by Persis Ripley Bradbury
"Made by P.R.B. 1864."

You may recall seeing this patriotic appliqued piece in the 1994 book Classic Crib Quilts and How to Make Them by Thomas Woodard and Blanche Greenstein, which recorded many of the small quilts that passed through their dealer showroom.
The fifteen blocks add up to a finished size of  27" x 43", 
indicating each is about 8" square.

See a digital photo online at the Alliance for American Quilts website Quilt Treasures Presents: Woodard and Greenstein.

View more of the favorite quilts from their collection by clicking left and right at the site.

Norway, Maine about 1905

Persus Ripley Bradbury was about 30 years old when she appliqued the date. She lived in Oxford County, Maine, near the Vermont New Hampshire border and was married to Henry A.M. Bradbury, who'd been a private in the 23rd Maine Infantry in 1862. 

See a post on corrections to this post here:

A view of Paris Hill, Oxford County, from the Robert N. Dennis collection of
Stereoscopic Views

Persis was born in 1835 to Valentine and Lovina Ripley, near Buckfield, Maine. She married Henry in 1855 and when he enlisted he left her with baby Elton and three-year-old Ernest. Two older children Henry and Mary had died at 3 years and just a few days old.

Fortunately Henry's regiment never saw battle although many men died of disease in their service guarding the Potomac and other sites in Washington City, Maryland and Virginia. Persis's brother Eliphaz Ripley died in a hospital in Washington in December, 1863. 

The appliqued house

Henry was mustered out in July, 1863, and we hope returned home for the rest of the war. 

The family tombstone tells a sad story of Persis's children. Elton died six months after his father returned. Two later girls died young too.

The five children who died before they were five: 
Henry Woods, Sept 28, 1856 - Feb. 1859
Mary, May 22, 1858 - May 26, 1858
Elton Bird, Jan. 7, 1862-Jan. 23, 1864 [This date has been misread as 1904.]
Vina Ripley, Feb. 18, 1870-July 18,1870
Inez Pearl, Sept. 13, 1871-Feb. 25, 1873
Children of H.A.M. & Persis R. Bradbury

They seem to have had only one surviving child, Ernest Ambrose Bradbury who became a doctor of homeopathic medicine, practicing in Vermont. 

The tombstone was erected when Henry died in 1907.

Persis lived to be 80, dying in 1915. Her family is buried in the Norway Pine Grove Cemetery in Paris, Maine.

In the Woodard and Greenstein book Persis's name is spelled Persius.
(Persis without the U was a rather popular name in that small part of Maine at the time.)

Her small blocks on dark wool have much in common with cotton applique
quilts at the time of the Civil War.

Bed covering dated 1841,
Collection: Museum of Fine Arts Boston

The style is similar to a New England tradition of wool applique, found in large bedquilts.

Wool applique and embroidery on wool, about 1860, 158" x 112"
American Folk Art Museum.

Maine quilt
Collection: Museum of Fine Arts Boston

New England quilt, about 1800-1830. Collection: Winterthur Museum.

And a related tradition of smaller table covers
From Laura Fisher Quilts

Above and below from dealers Elliot  & Grace Snyder

Detail of the Bradbury piece, upper right corner.
Details in the Bradbury table clover, such as the blue seam-covering embroidery and the plaid binding (back brought over front?), however, might indicate that the piece was assembled after 1880 when the feather stitch was quite popular.

Here's a detail of a wool applique quilt from the collection of Historic New England. It's
dated 1854 on the right side in one of the blocks. This one is set together in period fashion. Each block was bound before it was joined---a potholder quilt, we'd call it.

See the whole quilt here at the Quilt Index:

In fact, these two quilts have so much in common,
it must go beyond coincidence.

But why I cannot say.

Wednesday, January 27, 2016

Westering Women Block 1: Independence Square

Westering Women Block 1
Independence Square
by Becky Brown

We'll begin our trip to the Pacific coast where the westering women began their real adventures, at the far edge of the United States. In the 1840s when the wave of western migration began, the land beyond the Missouri state line was Indian and Mexican Territory stretching to the Pacific.

The western trail began for many in Independence, Missouri, near a bend in the great Missouri River. 
Independence's town square in 1854, published by Herrmann J Meyer.
 The county courthouse was in the town square.

The most efficient way to get to the trailheads in the early years of the migration was to take river boats from eastern homes to the Missouri and Iowa borders. The Missouri River continued north while the immigrants headed over land west by northwest.

Clothing indicates photo from about 1900

The town of Independence was located far from the riverbank because flooding was an annual problem. Several entrepreneurs offered transportation from river boats to the town square.

Each spring travelers gathered in Independence waiting for May 1st. The prairie grasses needed time to grow to provide food for their animals. If a group left early their stock would have nothing to eat. If they left late the four-month trip would linger into fall snowstorms in the mountains.

Wagon train traffic photographed during the Civil War.

Thousands of wagons left Independence in the first few weeks of May every year. 
In 1849 Tamsen E. Donner wrote her sister from Independence:
"I am seated on the grass in the midst of the tent....My three daughters are around me one at my side trying to sew....I can give you no idea of the hurry of the place at this time, It is supposed there will be 7000 waggons start from this place this season. We go to California, to the bay of San Francisco. It is a four months trip. We have three wagons furnished with food and clothing &c, drawn by three yoke of oxen each."
Date unknown
Most travelers used oxen rather than horses to pull their wagons.

Two of Tamsen Donner's surviving
children with a foster mother after their parents perished on the trail.

Tamsen Donner's name may be familiar as she was the matriarch of the ill-fated Donner Party who were trapped in the snow-covered mountains because they strayed from the established trail. Tamsen was among those who died in the winter.

The courthouse is still on the Square in Independence, Missouri,
although it's not the same building.

Linda Mooney is using a red, white and blue color scheme.

In the 1970s, Mabel Obenchain of the Famous Features syndicate designed a quilt block Independence Square to honor Philadelphia during the American Bicentennial celebration. The 9-Patch can also celebrate the old square in Independence, Missouri.

It's BlockBase #1621

Independence Square by Denniele Bohannon

Cutting a 12" Block

A - Cut 4 squares 3-1/8"
B - Cut 16 rectangles 4-1/2" x 1-7/8"
C - Cut 4 rectangles 3-1/8" x 1-7/8" 
D - Cut 9 squares 1-7/8" x 17/8"

Sewing the Block

Make a Nine Patch

See the set information by clicking on the introduction yesterday here:

"Trying to Sew"
Do note Donner mentions that her daughter was "trying to sew" while camping in their tent in Independence. Women were more likely to mention sewing when they were temporarily settled for any length of time rather than when they were camping at noon and night. 

References and Links

I read Tamsen Donner's letters in Volume 1 of Kenneth L. Holmes Covered Wagon Women: Diaries and Letters from the Western Trails, which includes documents from 1840 to 1849.

Here's a link to a Google Book preview:

A link to online excerpts from her writing:

Ric Burns and PBS did a documentary on the Donners. Read the introduction at this link, which gives us a good summary of the motivation behind the overland migration:
"If ever there was a moment when America seemed in the grip of some great, out-of-the-ordinary pull, it was in 1846. The whole mood was for movement, expansion, and the whole direction was westward."

If you are brave enough to watch it bring snacks and a couple of warm quilts. Just remember it's a worst case scenario.